How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
This score is created by credit agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and the like.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to build a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage these days score 620 or above.
Your score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Since the score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's very hard to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO
In order to improve your score, you've got to have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, sells credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 718-441-7000.